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As The Olympics Deal With A Cyberattack, All Eyes Are On Russia

Brendan Smialowski / AFP / Getty Images

Hackers have disrupted the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, and the world’s security experts are trying to determine if Russia is the culprit.

For about 45 minutes on Friday night, some Olympic computers and networks, including Wi-Fi systems, were hit with malicious software that targeted users with a @pyeongchang2018.com email address.

“We can confirm that the technology issues experienced on Friday night were caused by a cyber-attack,” Jihye Lee, a spokesperson for the 2018 games, said in a statement. No systems were affected, and organizers are still investigating, she said.

That the attack didn’t do more significant damage appears to be by design. Researchers at Cisco Talos who analyzed dozens of samples of the malware that affected Olympic computers called the software a “wiper” — malicious software designed to wipe a computer’s files — but that it intentionally holds back from inflicting maximum damage. Instead of deleting all the files on a computer, it only deleted those related to booting up, meaning an average tech could fix it with relative ease. Researchers have never seen that sort of restraint before from that kind of malware.

“This could have been as destructive as this attacker potentially wanted it to be,” Warren Mercer, Talos’s technical leader, told BuzzFeed News.

“It’s a very interesting change of pace from other types of wiper malware,” said Craig Williams, the company’s senior technical leader. I read this as the attacker was trying to send the victim a message — they’re clearly saying ‘I could have wiped your data, and I have full access to your systems, and i could have destroyed it, but instead i just kinda turned off your services, deleted your boot record, and turned your machine off.’”

Any hack during the Olympics has as its a prime suspect Russia, which was formally banned from competing in the 2018 games for its widespread, state-sponsored conspiracy to let its athletes get away with blood doping.

Lurking in systems for espionage purposes is common for countries with significant cyber capabilities, but one advanced hacker group, popularly called Fancy Bear or APT 28, has been involved in much more visible attacks and has in recent years hacked and leaked files from both the Democratic party and the Olympic World Anti-Doping Association. The US intelligence community and a number of cybersecurity companies around the world assert that Fancy Bear is run by Russia’s GRU, its primary foreign intelligence service.

While there isn’t yet concrete evidence, there’s indication that Fancy Bear was responsible for the most recent attacks, said Adam Meyers, vice president of intelligence at CrowdStrike, the cybersecurity company that in 2016 originally identified the Russian government as behind the hack of the Democratic National Committee.

The malware that hit the 2018 Olympics was written on Dec. 27th, Meyers said, and his team observed a Fancy Bear campaign in November and December that stole credentials of users with @pyeongchang2018.com email address and mapped out their owners’ networks. His team noticed other hackers targeting Olympic targets in recent weeks, but only Fancy Bear had conducted such a campaign before that malware was written.

“There is a Fancy Bear campaign that lines up with the time frame, but we don’t necessarily have any conclusive evidence,” Meyers said.

“We have anticipated an attack of some nature on the events for quite a while, particularly by a Russian actor,” John Hultquist, the director of analysis at cybersecurity firm FireEye, said in a statement to BuzzFeed News. “Actors like APT28 have unceasingly harassed organizations associated with the games, and the Russians have been increasingly willing to leverage destructive and disruptive attacks.”

Still Hulquist said, this firm wasn’t prepared to attribute the malware to any known group.

In a preemptive statement on Wednesday — before the Olympic cyberattacks had actually taken place — the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs denied responsibility.

“We are aware that the Western Olympic Games in the Republic of Korea are based on pseudo-investigations that reveal the ‘Russian trace’ in hacking attacks on information resources,” the ministry said. “One gets the impression that a number of states have already grown accustomed to attributing all of their domestic political problems to Russia's alleged cyber interference.”

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Budget-busting deal shows that Barack Obama was much better at business than Trump

I promise I’ll get to why Obama was better at business than Trump, but first let’s remember a story you probably know well. It’s called: “The Boy Who Cried Wolf.” In that old fable credited to Aesop, a boy repeatedly sounds the alarm to alert his neighbors about a terrible danger—that wolves have set upon his flock of sheep. After a few false alarms, the townspeople ignore Peter the next time he ‘cries wolf’, and then his sheep are eaten (in some versions Peter serves as dessert for the wolves as well). According to Aesop, the moral is: “this shows how liars are rewarded: even if they tell the truth, no one believes them.”

I doubt I’m the only one to think of that story in light of the utterly indefensible, yet utterly unsurprising hypocrisy of congressional Republicans when it comes to what they once, with a straight face, referred to as ‘fiscal responsibility.’ Paul Krugman exposed this hypocrisy in excruciating detail in his article, entitled “Fraudulence of the Fiscal Hawks.” Krugman cites a 2011 document authored by then-House Budget Chair and now Speaker of the House Paul Ryan, that sounded a klaxon-like alarm about impending danger: “The United States is facing a crushing burden of debt” that will “capsize” our economy—and, he claimed, it wouldn’t take long.

The danger was so, well, dangerous, that House Republicans at that time threatened to default on our nation’s debt—and plunge the economy into actual chaos not soon but immediately—if we didn’t impose harsh, deep spending cuts. “WOLF! WOLF! WOLF!” is essentially what Paul, our modern-day Peter, shouted back then. Today, he, along with the Republican-led Senate and a Republican president, just passed a tax plan—whose benefits go overwhelmingly to the financial elites—and a budget plan that, by next year, will bring us right back to deficits about as big as they were in 2011.

Furthermore, if the provisions of the Republican rich man’s tax cut are extended—as its proponents have promised—these policies will bring our national debt, as a share of Gross Domestic Product, close to levels not seen since we had to fight for our survival in World War II.